CSC Agency: Civil Service Commission

The Civil Service Commission (CSC) stands as a pivotal institution within the government, dedicated to upholding the integrity and efficiency of the civil service. Established in 1937, this agency is entrusted with a vital mandate: to administer competitive examinations, to oversee the fair hiring and promotion of government employees, and to ensure that these individuals are suitably qualified for their roles.

With its comprehensive array of functions and responsibilities, the Commission not only reinforces the merit-based system within the civil service but also serves as a guardian of equitable employment practices. This ensures that the machinery of government is staffed by competent and dedicated professionals, poised to serve the public good.

civil service commission csc agency

Brief History

The Philippine civil service is a tapestry of history and reform, woven from efforts to create a robust and honest governmental workforce. It has undergone several transformations since its inception, reflecting the country’s dedication to maintaining an efficient system grounded in integrity.

Early Beginnings

  • 1900: Establishment of the civil service system through Public Law No. 5.
  • Formation of the Board: Initially consisting of a Chief Examiner, a Chairman, and a Secretary responsible for administering civil service exams.
  • 1905: Reorganization of the Board to better serve the evolving needs of the civil service.

Constitutional Foundations and Expansion

  • 1935 Constitution: The merit system was enshrined as the foundation for government employee selection.
  • Expansion of Bureau Jurisdiction: The following years saw the Bureau’s reach extending to include various government branches, marking significant growth in its scope.

Centralization and Policy Shifts

  • 1959: Enactment of the Civil Service Law, leading to a centralized administrative structure for the system.
  • Transfer of Functions: The functions previously held by the Bureau of Civil Service were shifted to a Department.

A Pivotal Decree and the Role of the CSC

  • 1975: A Presidential Decree revolutionized the Civil Service Commission’s role, establishing it as the central service agency of the government.

Strengthening the System

  • 1987 Administrative Code: Introduction of collective bargaining and self-organization in the civil service.
  • Reaffirmation of Principles: The code upheld the policies from previous administrations, ensuring continuity and stability.

Present-day Commission

Today, the Civil Service Commission is revered as the central authority of civil service matters in the Philippines, ensuring fair and equitable treatment for all government employees, including those in local government units.

Laws Enacted by the CSC

The Civil Service Commission (CSC) is not only a central figure in maintaining the framework of the civil service but also plays a critical role in creating and updating the laws that govern it. Here’s a closer look at the key legislative developments and guidelines issued by the CSC:

  • Regulatory Frameworks and Executive Orders:
    • Executive Order No. 138 – It marks a significant shift of certain executive functions to local governments and sets up a Committee on Devolution.
    • Administrative Code of 1987 – A fundamental piece of legislation that codifies the rules and procedures of the civil service.
  • Joint Memorandum Circulars:
    • DA-DILG-DBM-CSC JMC No. 2, s. 2020 – Guidelines to bolster and set up Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Groups in Local Government Units (LGUs).
    • CSC-DOLE-SSS Joint Circular No. 1 s.2019 – It provides clarity on the implementation date of the 105-Day Expanded Maternity Leave Law.
  • Safety and Welfare Regulations:
    • JOINT MEMORANDUM CIRCULAR NO. 1, s. 2020 – Establishes Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the public sector.
    • CSC-DOH Joint Memorandum Circular No. 2010-01 – Aims to protect the bureaucracy from tobacco industry interference.
  • Performance and Ethical Standards:
    • E.O. No. 80 and Memorandum Circular No.2012-02 – These documents introduce a Performance-Based Incentive System for government employees and provide guidelines for good governance.
    • A. No. 6713 and its Implementing Rules – The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees.
  • Privacy and Information Protection:
    • Republic Act 10173 and its IRR – Known as the “Data Privacy Act of 2012,” it safeguards personal information within the government and private sectors.
  • Contract and Compensation Policies:
    • CSC-COA-DBM Joint Circulars – A series of regulations concerning Contract of Service and Job Order Workers, amendments to maternity leave policies, and guidelines on the Rehabilitation Privilege.
  • Special Laws:
    • Republic Act No. 9242 or the Philippine Tropical Fabrics Law – Promotes the use of local tropical fabrics.

For individuals, professionals, and other stakeholders who wish to explore the vast landscape of civil service regulations and updates, a detailed repository of these laws and guidelines can be found on the Civil Service Commission’s website.

By visiting the ‘Issuances’ page at, you can access the full text of each legislative document and stay informed about the latest procedural standards and policies within the Philippine civil service.

List of Programs and Services of the CSC

The Commission has developed a suite of programs and services that empower Filipinos in securing their rights, enhancing their skills, and finding suitable employment. Let’s delve into some of the key initiatives under their umbrella:

HR Initiatives

  • Program to Institutionalize Meritocracy and Excellence in Human Resource Management (PRIME-HRM):
    • Aims to elevate the quality of HR management across government agencies.
    • Encourages agencies to advance their HR practices toward excellence.
  • Strategic Performance Management System (SPMS):
    • Aligns individual performance with the organization’s strategic goals.
    • Facilitates a coherent approach to achieving the objectives outlined in the Philippine Development Plan and the Agency Strategic Plan.
  • Competency-Based Recruitment and Qualifications Standards (CBRQS):
    • Seeks to streamline recruitment and training to focus on core competencies.
    • Defines the essential skills and attitudes for organizational success.
  • Competency-Based Learning and Development Program (CBLDP):
    • Addresses developmental gaps in employee skills.
    • Designs programs targeting specific needs based on a competency framework.
  • Leadership and Coaching Program (LCP):
    • Supports the development of employees’ leadership skills through coaching.
    • Aims at unleashing the personal potential of each employee without prescribing solutions.

Anti-Corruption Initiatives

  • Report Card Survey (RCS):
    • Assesses the quality of public services in adherence to the Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007.
    • Enhances public accountability through collaborative efforts with media and civil society.
  • Service Delivery Excellence Program (SDEP):
    • Encourages establishments rated as ‘Failed’ in the RCS to improve via workshops and training.
    • Aims to bolster efficiency and quality of service delivery in government offices.
  • Contact Center ng Bayan (CCB):
    • Serves as a feedback mechanism for citizens to express concerns or commendations about government services.
    • Supports the enforcement of anti-red tape laws.
  • ARTA Watch:
    • Monitors compliance with the Anti-Red Tape Act through unannounced visits to government agencies.
    • Raises awareness and strengthens the CSC’s dedication to enhancing service quality.

These programs and initiatives represent the CSC’s commitment to developing a robust and ethical civil service, ensuring that the government personnel are not only skilled but also adhere to the highest standards of service and integrity.

Examination and Eligibilities

The Civil Service Exam (CSE) is a national certification exam that serves as a gateway for many aspiring individuals to enter the public service sector. It’s a crucial step in ensuring that only qualified candidates join the civil service. To help maximize your chances of success, here are five essential tips to guide you through the preparation and examination process:

Preparation Strategies

  • Complete Coverage: Ensure you cover the entire syllabus. Leaving an item blank is a missed opportunity, as the CSE does not penalize for incorrect answers. If uncertain, make an educated guess.
  • Time Management:
    • Focus on answering as many questions correctly as possible.
    • Avoid spending excessive time on complex questions.
  • Mental and Spiritual Readiness:
    • Pair hard work with prayer, if it aligns with your beliefs, to foster confidence and calm.

Post-Examination Mindset

  • Release Control: Once the exam is over, the outcome is out of your hands. Engage in positive activities to keep your mind off the wait.
  • Persistence is Key:
    • Don’t be disheartened by failure.
    • Reflect on the experience to identify improvement areas.
    • Adjust your study approach accordingly for the next attempt.

Remember, the CSE is more than a test of knowledge—it’s a test of perseverance and strategy. By adopting these tips, you can approach the Civil Service Exam with a tactical advantage and a resilient mindset.

Video: CSC in Action: Para saan nga ba ang Civil Service Eligibility?

In this video, we explore the importance of Civil Service Eligibility and how it can benefit individuals in their careers. The Civil Service Commission (CSC) is the government agency responsible for administering the civil service examination, which is a requirement for individuals who wish to work in the government sector.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the Civil Service Commission?

The Civil Service Commission (CSC) is a government agency tasked with overseeing the civil service of the government. It ensures that the hiring, promotion, and management of civil service positions are based on merit and capability.

2. When was the Civil Service Commission established?

The CSC was established in 1937 to provide oversight and administration of civil service laws.

3. What does the Civil Service Commission do?

The Commission administers exams for civil service eligibility, regulates appointments to public service positions, and establishes policies and guidelines for the hiring, promotion, transfer, and dismissal of government employees.

4. What is the Civil Service Exam?

The Civil Service Exam is a test conducted by the CSC to determine the eligibility of candidates for entry into the civil service. It assesses a range of skills and knowledge necessary for government roles.

5. Is the Civil Service Exam difficult?

The difficulty of the Civil Service Exam varies from person to person depending on their preparedness and background. However, with proper study and preparation, many find it manageable.

6. How can I apply for the Civil Service Exam?

Application procedures may vary by country or region, but typically, candidates can apply either online through the CSC’s official website or in person at a regional CSC office.

7. What are the qualifications for taking the Civil Service Exam?

While specific qualifications may vary, generally applicants must be of legal working age, have a certain level of education, and sometimes meet experience requirements.

8. What happens if I pass the Civil Service Exam?

Passing the Civil Service Exam typically qualifies you for many entry-level positions in the government. It may also be a prerequisite for further promotions within the civil service system.


In conclusion, the Civil Service Commission (CSC) is an essential pillar in the structure of government, ensuring that the public sector is fueled by individuals who are not only competent but also embody the principles of fairness and meritocracy. Since its inception in 1937, the CSC has rigorously worked to maintain the integrity and efficiency of the civil service through meticulous administration of exams, and impartial oversight of recruitment and promotion.

By constantly upholding these standards, the Commission ensures that government operations are carried out by qualified professionals who are committed to serving the public with excellence and dedication. The CSC’s role in fostering a merit-based civil service is indispensable in building a robust, ethical, and effective administration for the people it serves.

Contact Information

Address: Civil Service Commission, Constitution Hills, Batasang Pambansa Complex Diliman 1126 Quezon City, Philippines
Telephone number: 8931-8092 / 8931-7939 / 8931-7935
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